Included with the Baidun collection are Byzantine gold coins as well as earlier coinage up to the 2nd century AD
(as pictured above).
Coins of the Levant
Coins, coins and more coins ...... thousands of coins from antiquity. The antiquities of the Levant.
While coins in the Baidun collection cover a wide span of time, a considerable portion consists of coinage from the 1st-2nd centuries (BC and AD):
Maccabean/Hasmonian coins - minted in the 1st-2nd century BC - including the bronze prutah best known as the "widow's mite" cited by Jesus of Nazareth.
Roman coinage - minted under the authority of the emperor or of local prefects/procurators (such as Pontius Pilate). A prime example is the imperial silver denarius (generally equivalent to a about a day's wage for skilled laborers and often used for paying taxes), typically featuring an image of Roman emperors and/or deities. A second example would be a locally minted Roman version of a bronze prutah (which surprisingly avoided placement of graven images as proscribed by the second of the Ten Commandments).
Silver Tyrian shekels and half shekels - used for payment of the Jewish Temple tax and due to their purity, a required exchange necessitating the money changers of the 2nd Temple.
Jewish coinage - under the authority of the reigning Roman approved monarch (the Herodians) - including more of the prutah coins which sometimes departed from Jewish prohibitions against animal or human likenesses; also including Jewish silver and bronze coinage minted during the Jewish Revolt from 66-70 AD.